Archive for the '19th century' Category

John Mitchell Kemble, Nietzschean

December 21, 2008

The concluding chapter from the first volume of John Mitchell Kemble’s The Saxons in England: A History of the English Commonwealth to the Time of the Norman Conquest (1876 edition)


Levi Parsons Morton, bibliography

March 20, 2008


Macmillan’s Sunday Library, 1873

January 10, 2008

In crown 8vo. cloth extra, Illustrated, price 4s 6d. each Volume; also kept in morocco and calf bindings at moderate prices, and in Ornamental Boxes containing Four Vols., 21 s. each.


The projectors of the SUNDAY LIBRARY feel that there is a want of books of a kind that will be welcome in many Households for reading on Sundays, and will be in accordance with earnest convictions as to the nature of the “Sabbath Day.”

Sunday should contain the theory, the collective view, of our work-day lives; and these work-days should be the Sunday in action. Our Sunday Books, therefore, ought to do more than afford abstract subjects of meditation; they should exercise a living power, by bringing us into direct contact with all that is true and noble in human nature and human life, and by shewing us the life of Christ as the central truth of humanity.

For Sunday reading, therefore, we need not only history, but history in its relation to Christianity; not only biography, but the lives of me-rt who have consciously promoted the Christian religion—Christian heroes in art, in science, in divinity, and in social action. The history of Christianity, permanent and progressive, is also the history of civilization, and from the growth of the latter we may be strengthened in the faith that the former will ultimately prevail throughout the whole world.

The Publishers have secured the co-operation of very eminent writers, a list of whom, with the works they undertake, is herewith given.

The Pupils of St. John the Divine
by Charlotte Mary Yonge

The author first gives a full sketch of the life and work of the Apostle himself, drawing the material from all the most trustworthy authorities, sacred and profane; then follow the lives of his immediate disciples, Ignatius, Quadratus, Polycarp, and others ; which are succeeded by the lives of many of their pupils. The author then proceeds to sketch from their foundation the history of the many churches planted or superintended by St. John and his pupils, both in the East and West. In the last chapter is given an account of the present aspect of the Churches of St. John,—the Seven Churches of Asia mentioned in Revelations ; also those of Athens, of Nimes, of Lyons, and others in the West. Throughout the volume, much of early Church History is necessarily introduced, and details are given of the many persecutions to which Christianity was subjected during its struggling infancy. ” Young and old will be equally refreshed and taught by these pages, in which nothing is dull, and nothing is far-fetched.”—Churchman.

The Hermits.

In the Introduction to this volume, Mr. Kingsley shews that early hermit-life was a natural outcome of the corrupt condition of Roman society, ” which was no place for honest men,”— “where but to think was to be full of sorrow and leaden-eyed despair.” The hermits “were a school of philosophers who altered the whole current of human thought; their influence is being felt around us in many a puzzle—educational, social, andpolitical;” these lives afford a “key to many a lock, which just nmo refuses to be tampered with or burst open.” The volume contains the lives of some of the most remarkable early Egyptian, Syrian, Persian, and Western hermits. The lives are mostly translations from the original biographies ; ” the reader will thus be able to see the men as wholes, to judge of their merits and defects.”


Seekers after God.
By the Rev. F. W. FARRAR, M.A., F.R.S., Head Master of Marlborough College.

In this volume the author seeks to record the lives, and gives copious samples of the almost Christ-like utterances of, with perhaps the exception of Socrates, ” the best and holiest characters presented to us in the records of antiquity.” They are Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius, most appropriately called “Seekers after God” seeing that “amid infinite difficulties and surrounded by a corrupt society, they devoted themselves to the earnest search after those truths which might best make their lives ‘ beautiful before God.'” The reader will learn from this volume in what kind of atmosphere the influences of Christianity were forced to work. Many details are also given which afford an insight into Roman life and manners, the kind of education bestowed on Roman youth, and the characteristics of the chief systems of ancient philosophy. The volume contains portraits of Aurelius, Seneca, and Antoninus Pius. ” We can heartily recommend it as healthy in tone, instructive, interesting, mentally and spiritually stimulating and nutritious.”—Nonconformist.

England’s Antiphon.

This volume deals chiefly with the lyric or song-form of English religious poetry, other kinds, however, being not infrequently introduced. The author has sought to trace the course of our religious poetry from the 13th to the 19th centuries, from before Chaucer to Tennyson. He endeavours to accomplish his object by selecting the men who have produced the finest religious poetry, setting forth the circumstances in which they were placed, characterizing the men themselves, critically estimating their productions, and giving ample specimens of their best religions lyrics, andquotations from larger poems, illustrating the religious feeling of the poets or their times. Thus the volume, besides providing a concert of the sweetest and purest music, will be found to exhibit the beliefs held and aspirations cherished’ by many of the noblest, purest, and most richly endowed minds during the last 600 years. —”Dr. Macdonald has very successfully endeavoured to bring together in his little book a whole series of the sweet singers of England, and makes them raise, one after the other, their voices in praise of God.”—Guardian.

Great Christians of France: ST. Louis and CALVIN.

From among French Catholics, M. Guiwt has, in this volume, selected Louis, King of France in the ljfh century, and among Protestants,Calvin the Reformer in the 16th century, “as two earnest and illustrious representatives of the Christian faith and life, as well as of the loftiest thought and purest morality of their country and generation.” In setting forth with considerable fullness the lives of these prominent and representative Christian men, M. Guiwt necessarily introduces much of the political and religious history of the periods during which they lived. “A very interesting book” says the Guardian.

Christian Singers of Germany.

In this volume the authoress gives an account of the principal hymn-writers of Germany from the 9th to the 19th century, introducing ample (altogether about 120 translations) specimens from their best productions. In the translations, while the English is perfectly idiomatic and harmonious, the characteristic differences of the poems have been carefully imitated, and the general style and metre retained. The book is divided into chapters, the writers noticed and the hymns quoted in each chapter, being representative of an epoch in the religious life of Germany. In thus tracing the course of German hymnology the authoress is necessarily brought into contact with those great movements which have stirred the life of the people.”—”Miss Winkworth’s volume of this series is, according to our view, the choicest production of her pen.” —British Quarterly Review.

Apostles of Mediaeval Europe.
By the Rev. G. F. MACLEAR, D.D., Head Master of King’s College School, London.

In fact Introductory Chapters the author notices some of the chief characteristics of the mediaeval period itself; gives a graphic sketch of the devastated state of Europe at the beginning of that period, and an interesting account of the religions of the three great groups of vigorous barbarians—the Celts, the Teutons, and the Sclaves—who had, wave after wave, overflowed its surface. He then proceeds to sketch the lives and work of the chief of the courageous men who devoted themselves to the stupendous task of their conversion and civilization, during a period extending from the 5th to the l3th century; such as St. Patrick, St. Columba, St. Columbanus, St. Augustine of Canterbury, St. Boniface, St. Olaf, St. Cyril, Raymond Sull, and others. In narrating the lives of these men, many glimpses are given into the political, social, and religious life of Europe during the Middle Ages, and many interesting and instructive incidents are introduced. “Mr. Maclear will have done a great work if his admirable little volume shall help to break up the dense ignorance which is still prevailing among people at large.”—Literary Churchman.

Alfred the Great.
By THOMAS HUGHES, M.P., Author of “Tom Brown’s School Days.”

The time is come when we English can no longer stand by as interested spectators only, but in which every one of our institutions will be sifted with rigour, and will have to shew cause for its existence. … As a help in this search, this life of the typical English King is here offered.” After two Introductory Chapters, one on Kings and Kingship, and another depicting the condition of Wessex when Alfred became its ruler, the author proceeds to set forth the life and work of this great prince, shewing how he conducted himself in all the relations of life. In the last chapter the author shews the bearing which Christianity has on the kingship and government of the nations and people of the world in which we live. Besides other illustrations in the volume, a Map of England is prefixed, shewing its divisions about looo A.D., as well as at the present time. “Mr. Hughes has indeed written a good book, bright and readable we need hardly say, and of a very considerable historical value.”—Spectator.

Nations Around.
By Miss A. KEARY.

This volume contains many details concerning the social and political life, the religion, the superstitions, the literature, the architecture, the commerce, the industry, of the Nations around Palestine, an acquaintance with which is necessary in order to a clear and full understanding of the history of the Hebrew people. The authoress has brought to her aid all the most recent investigations into the early history of these nations, referring frequently to the fruitful excavations which have brought to light the ruins and hieroglyphic writings of many of their buried cities.  Miss Keary has skillfully availed herself of the opportunity to write a pleasing and instructive book.”—Guardian.

St. Anselm
By the Very Rev. R. W. CHURCH, M.A., Dean of St. Paul’s.

In this biography of St. Anselm, while the story of his life as a man, a Christian, a clergyman, and a politician, is told impartially and fully, much light is shed on the ecclesiastical and political history of the time during which he lived, and on the internal economy of the monastic establishments of the period. Of the worthiness of St. Anselm to have his life recorded, Mr. Church says, “It would not be easy to find one who so joined the largeness and daring of a powerful and inquiring intellect, with the graces and sweetness and unselfishness of the most loveable of friends, and with the fortitude, clear-sightedness, and dauntless firmness of a hero, forced into a hero’s career in spite of himself..” The author has drawn his materials from contemporary biographers and chroniclers, while at the same time he has consulted the best recent authors who have treated of the man and his time. ” It is a sketch by the hand of a master, with every line marked by taste, learning, and real apprehension of the subject.” — Pall Mall Gazette.


Francis of Assisi.

The life of this saint, the founder of the Franciscan order, and one of the most remarkable men of his time, illustrates some of the chief characteristics of the religious life of the Middle Ages. Mrs. Oliphant, in an Introduction, gives a slight sketch of the political and religious condition of Europe in the l3th century, in order to shew that the kind of life adopted by St. Francis was a natural result of the influences by which he was surrounded. In the subsequent biography much information is given concerning the missionary labours of the saint and his companions, as well as concerning the religious and monastic life of the time. Many graphic details are introduced from the saint’s contemporary biographers, which show forth the prevalent beliefs of the period ; and abundant samples are given of St. Francis’s mun sayings, as well as a few specimens of his simple tender hymns. ” We are grateful to Mrs. Oliphant for a book of much interest and pathetic beauty, a book which none can read without being the better for it.”—John Bull.

In the midst of the American Renaissance

September 27, 2007

The phrase “American Renaissance” was coined in 1878 by a New York clergyman, but gained academic respectability after Mathiessen’s American Renaissance: Art and Expression in the Age of Emerson and Whitman. Like Tracy’s “Great Awakening,” the American Renaissance has been considered, reconsidered, torn down and rebuilt continuously until today.

The conservative Christian(I) stance paired with regular-old Enlightenment skepticism(II) against Myth as polytheism or godhead fallacy 1770-1820.

(I) Christopher Irving, Catechism of Mythology (New York: F. and R. Lockwood, 1822)
(I) Robert Mayo, A New System of Mythology(Philadelphia, 1815-1819) heavily in debt to Banier, Mythology and Fables of the Ancients, Explain’d from History (London, A. Miller, 1739)
(I) William Sheldon, History of the Heathen Gods (Boston, Isaiah Thomas, Jr. 1809)
(II) George B. English, The Grounds of Christianity Examined (Boston, 1831)
(II) Abner Kneeland, National Hymns for those who are slave to no Sect (Boston, 1832)
(II) see: Holbach, The System of Nature, Robinson transl., 1835
(II) Robert Ingersoll, The Gods and other Lectures, (Peoria, 1874)

The Font of Interpretation: works beyond reason, the old world unadulerated

see: Bruno Bauer, F. C. Baur, Bayles’s Ouerves Diverses, Lowth, Bochart, Chateaubriand’s Genius of Christianity, Constant, De Wette, Eichhorn, Strauss, Herder, Klaproth,

Periodicals – Boston(?)

American Monthly Magazine, 1836
Biblical Repository, 1839
Boston Daily Advertiser, 1836-1841
Boston Quarterly Review, 1838-42
Boston Semi-Weekly Courier, 1840-41
Brownson’s Quarterly Review, 1844-59
Christian Examiner, 1831-46
Christian World, 1844-46
The Dial, 1840-44
The Liberator, 1840-1860
The Liberty Bell, 1842-1846
Monthly Miscellany of Religion and Letters, 1841-1842
National Standard, 1871
New Englander, 1844-1845
North American Review, 1831-36
Scriptural Interpreter, 1831-36 [As a test I should get all of these and make a new index]
Sunday School Teacher and Children’s Fund, 1836-37
Western Messenger, 1840-41

Individuals and Biographies

Theodore Parker,
Grodzins, Dean. Biography (2002) 
Weiss, John, Life and Correspondence [GOOGLE BOOKS Vol. 1 & Vol. 2,
American Unitarian Association, Centenary Edition of the Writings Of ParkerThomas Taylor,
Thomas Taylor, the Platonist, ed. K. Raine and G.M. Harper (1969)

20th century academic perspectives (in chronological order)

F. O. Matthiessen, American Renaissance, (New York and London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1941)
Perry Miller, The Transcendentalists, (Cambridge: Harvard University, 1950)
Jerry Wayne Brown, The Rise of Biblical Criticism in America, (Conn: Wesleyan Univ. Press, 1969)
Robert D. Richardson, Myth and Literature in the American Renaissance, (Bloomington and London: Indiana Univ. Press, 1978)

Dr. Edmund Bailey O’Callaghan, 1797-1880

May 15, 2007

Dr. Edmund Bailey O’Callaghan was born at Mallow, near Cork, Ireland in 1797. He studied medicine in his native country and in Paris, and came to Canada in 1823. He took an interest in politics on the patriots’ side and fled to America settling in Albany in 1837. He worked in American History, especially with colonial New York history. The last decade of his life was spent in New York City where he died on May 29, 1880.

The catalog of his library (Google’s Harvard copy is annotated by Luther S. Livingston) sold in December, 1882, & compiled by E. W. Nash. “The best working library of Americana in general, and New York Americana in particular ever offered at public sale.”

Biographical sources

John G. Shea printed an account of O’Callaghan in the Magazine of American History, v. 77.
Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online


History of New Netherland or New York, Under the Dutch 1846.
Volume I, 1848
Volume II, 1855

Records and Historical Documents Published by the State of New York.

The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries & Martha J. Lamb

May 9, 2007

Martha J. Lamb papers to be found at the Five Colleges and at New-York Historical Society.  NYHS’ collection appears to have more materials realted to the Magazine of American History which she purchased in 1877. 30 volumes published between 1877-1893

Magazine of American History Company 743 Broadway, NYC. (As these volumes appear to be from Michigan, they are also accessible in one catalog entry at the Michigan Mirlyn catalog.)

Lamb also authored History of the city of New York in 3 volumes. Published by A.S. Barnes, 1877, 1880, 1899. 
Vol. I
Vol. II
Vol. III

The Magazine of American History Via Google (more article references to be pulled for personal use)
Vol I, No. 7 1877
Vol. II, January 1878
Fall of the Alamo.  Piece by DePeyster.
Vol. III, No. 1 January 1879
Birth of the Empire State
Vol. VII, No. 1
Schuyler House
Vol. VII, No. 1, July
Vol. VIII 1885
Vol. XI 1884
Van Rensselaer Manor
Vol. XXI 1889
Historic Homes and Landmarks
Vol. XXIII,  1890
William Cullen Bryant in History
Vol. XXIV, 1890
Golden Age of Colonial New York
Vol. XXIX Jan. -Jun. 1893

Calvin Colton 1789-1857

August 8, 2006

He served as missionary in western New York and then held Presbyterian pastorates at LeRoy and Batavia. The death of his wife, Abby North (Raymond) Colton (Feb. 1, 1826) and the failure of his voice led him to give up the ministry. Later, having taken orders in the Episcopal Church (1836), he served for one year, 1837-38, as rector of the Church of the Messiah in New York City.

History and Character of American Revivals of Religion (1832),
Church and State in America (1834),
Protestant Jesuitism
The Genius and Mission of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States (1853)

Manual for Emigrants to America (1832)
The Americans (1833), (a defense of his country against the criticisms of Capt. Basil Hall and Mrs. Trollope) Tour of the American Lakes, and Among the Indians of the North-West Territory, in 1830 (1833)

He wrote much under the nom-de-plume “Junius,” in support of Whig policies
Abolition a Sedition (1839)
Colonization and Abolition Contrasted (1839)
Reply to Webster (1840)
One Presidential Term
The Crisis of the Country (1840)
The Junius Tracts (1843-44), a series of ten essays on public lands, the currency, the tariff, expansion, etc.

Summoned to Ashland, Ky., in 1844 he became the official biographer of Henry Clay, and editor of his works.
The Private Correspondence of Henry Clay
The Works of Henry Clay (1856-57) are still standard.
Life and Times of Henry Clay (1846), and The Last Seven Years of the Life of Henry Clay (1853)
are superseded by later biographies.

In A Lecture on the Railroad to the Pacific (1850), delivered at the Smithsonian Institution, Aug. 12, 1850, he advocated a transcontinental railroad on the religious ground that through it the human family, dispersed at the Tower of Babel, might be reunited.